Diabetes mellitus is a disorder that prevents the body from properly utilizing the glucose (sugar) from the food you eat, thus causing excessive thirst and hunger. Diabetes happens in one of the following conditions: * Obesity being overweight or obese has been associated with increased risk for diabetes. Weight gain raises your chances of developing hypertension, heart problems, stroke, and other chronic diseases. Being overweight also causes other symptoms such as frequent urination, fatigue, inability to focus, slow healing of wounds, and abnormal blood sugar levels. Obese people are more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes, which is linked to excess sugar in the blood stream in pain. * Type I Diabetes - Type I is the earliest type of diabetes and the most commonly diagnosed. There is no evidence to support the hypothesis that there is a genetic component to this disorder, and it is believed to be the result of insulin resistance (the body's reaction to high doses of insulin). The main types of diabetes that occur in type I are: * Pancreatitis - a complication that develops when the pancreas makes too much insulin. This is an infection that is often misdiagnosed as diabetes. In fact, it is the body's autoimmune system that is to blame. As the pancreas makes too much insulin, the body uses other tissues and organs to produce insulin to protect the sensitive cells of the pancreas from being damaged by the bacteria. * Infections - these can include herpes, Epstein-Barr, Staphylococcus aureus, and others. A common cause of infections is overgrowth of yeast or bacteria. Yeast cells actually produce insulin. Other infections, however, do not seem to have any insulin-producing cells. These include certain cancers, AIDS, and tuberculosis. These diseases also destroy the pancreas, which makes it impossible for the body to produce insulin. * Endocrine disorders - in some people, there is an imbalance between the production of glucose from the liver and the disposal of excess glucose in the bloodstream. Excess glucose is converted into fatty acids and stored in fat cells. In an effort to burn off the excess glucose, the pancreas is forced to pump more blood to increase the circulation of glucose. When there is an imbalance between these processes, there is an increased risk for diabetes. Diabetes and the kidneys, however, are not necessarily linked. A person with diabetes may have damage to the kidneys, but this does not mean that he will get kidney failure or other kidney problems. In fact, the kidneys play an important role in helping people with diabetes eliminate excess glucose from their bloodstream. Kidneys help filter out the bloodstream, remove toxins, and retain water and minerals. A damaged kidney can affect these processes as well, but usually only in the short term. There are many ways that diabetes can be controlled or managed. Diabetics can choose to live a healthier life by keeping weight under control, exercising regularly, and avoiding alcohol and tobacco use. They should also keep track of their glucose levels and eat a balanced, low-sugar, low-fat diet. To avoid situations in which the bloodstream's ability to regulate sugar is impaired, diabetics should eat frequently, not rely on sugar from sugars and starches to deliver nutrients to their cells, and take their medications faithfully. There are many options for managing and controlling diabetes without insulin. Living with diabetes doesn't have to mean living with high blood sugar. Infections are one of the most common complications of diabetes. About half of people with type 2 diabetes may suffer from some sort of infection. Left untreated, infections can lead to organ rupture, necrosis (the death of the tissues) or amputation. Untreated infection can also lead to a condition known as sepsis (a life-threatening blood infection). Septsis is more likely to occur in people who are experiencing kidney failures. In addition, some forms of diabetes may make it difficult for people with infections to safely urinate and cleanse their bodies without experiencing complications. Gestational Diabetes occurs when pregnant women have abnormal triglyceride levels. Increased risk factors include being female, being diabetic and having a body mass index over 40. Women who are overweight or obese and are also at increased risk of gestational diabetes have a much higher chance of becoming pregnant. As the baby ages, increased triglyceride levels may cause an increase in the baby's risk for developing type 2 diabetes. It is not known why being overweight makes gestational diabetes more likely but being overweight does seem to make it more likely that women will become diabetic. Other environmental factors also play a role in whether a woman is more likely to develop this condition. If a mother has been exposed to certain chemicals such as chlorine during pregnancy or if she was obese during her childhood, she is more likely to develop gestational diabetes. If a mother has multiple types of diseases during her life, she is more likely to develop diabetes than those who are healthier. Finally, if a mother is not getting enough nutrients during her pregnancy or if she smokes during her pregnancy, she is more likely to become diabetic.