Is my contraceptives causing high blood pressure? Do you know that some types of contraceptives can actually increase your blood pressure? Researchers has proved that some birth control methods may lead to a significant increase in the diastolic pressure. Older women, who have been off the pill for years are not exempted as this scenario can linger further with them. A clinical study has shown that birth controls containing oestrogen can elevate blood pressure. Thus, hypertensive women should desist from using such birth control methods. TYPES/METHODS OF CONTRACEPTIVES Simply put, birth controls or contraceptives, refers to any medication, device, technique or method that can be utilized in order to prevent the occurrance of pregnancy. Meanwhile, the choice of birth control methods is dependent on several factors which includes, your health status, desire to have children in the future or not, the need to prevent sexually transmitted infections, how comfortable you are with using the method etc. THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF CONTRACEPTIVES ARE AS FOLLOWS: 1.Condom - Condoms are barrier devices used to prevent pregnancy. The spread of sexually transmitted infections is also prevented with the use of condoms. There are available of male and even female condoms. 2. Diaphragm – A rubber shaped device. It is placed right into the vagina chamber to prevent conception. 3.Cervical cap – It is a thimble shaped rubber like device which is placed over the cervix to prevent pregnancy 4. Contraceptive Injection – It is a temporary, effective and progestin only contraceptive injection. This injection is also known as depo- provera. It prevents pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation in the woman. For clarity sake, ovulation is the release of an egg or Ovum from the ovary of the female. 5. The intrauterine device (IUD) – It is a T shaped small pliable device. It is placed in the uterus/Womb by the help of a doctor. As a matter of fact, there exist 2 types of the IUD ; The Copper IUD - It gradually releases copper which also acts as a spermicide. Spermicides are substances that eliminates the life of sperm cells. The Hormonal IUD - It consists of the hormone, progestin which prevents the sperm cells from reaching the eggs by thickening the cervical mucus. 6. The Contraceptive pills - they are made of two hormones, oestrogen and progestin. The hormones stop ovulation from happening. 7. The Contraceptive patch - It's a transdermal patch that is placed on the skin surface to prevent pregnancy. It releases oestrogen and progestin hormones into the body. 8. The Vaginal ring – It is an elastic/bendable plastic ring that is inserted into the vagina walls to prevent pregnancy. It also releases progestin and oestrogen hormones into the body thereby preventing ovulation. 9. Sterilization – This is a permanent birth control method, mostly preferred by those that no longer want to have kids. . Such methods includes: Tubal ligation – It's a form of female sterilization where the surgeon cuts or blocks the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization of an egg in the future. Vasectomy –it's a form of male sterilization where the tube which acts as a passage for the sperm to make its way to the ejaculate is cut or blocked. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE The risk of high blood pressure is directly proportional to the increase in age. Nevertheless, high blood pressure could be hereditary and can also be seen among young adults. Some other factors that can also trigger hypertension includes consumption of too much salt, high cholesterol levels, smoking, high blood sugar levels (Diabetes), excess intake of alcohol, hormonal disruption etc. The risk of high blood pressure increase is mostly associated with an increase in age.Is my contraceptives causing high blood pressure? Hypertension or high blood pressure is when the force of the blood against the blood vessel walls is too high. Blood pressure measurement values is usually indicated with two numbers. However, the first (systolic) number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats. The second (diastolic) number represents the pressure in the blood vessels, when the heart is at rest. THE BLOOD PRESSURE RANGES Normal Range : Less than 120 over 80 (120/80) Prehypertension Range : 120-139 over 80-89 Stage 1 High Blood Pressure Range : 140-159 Over 90-99 High blood Pressure in People Over Age 60 : 150 and above over 90 and above HOW DOES CONTRACEPTIVE INCREASE YOUR RISK FOR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? Some researchers has revealed that birth controls that contain oestrogen and progesterone had blood pressure increasing tendency. It is believed that the estrogen hormone may trigger the release of other hormones, which could result to elevated blood pressure. Additionally, Progestin has also been found to affect blood pressure. However, it does not increase blood pressure to the same degree that estrogen does. Moreover, hypertensive women who use birth controls with oestrogen, increase their risk of stroke and heart attack. This is not so with women who are not hypertensive. Furthermore, it is crucial that women with high blood pressure should avoid contraceptives with oestrogen. WHICH CONTRACEPTIVE TYPE IS BEST FOR WOMEN WITH HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? The best choice for birth control for women with high blood pressure, are contraceptives that does not contain oestrogen such as ; - Use of Copper IUDs. - Use of Condoms and spermicides. - With Sterilization for men and women. - Use of Cervical cap and diaphragm. - Use of Progestin only hormonal methods: Mini pill, birth control implant. In conclusion, If you have high blood pressure, it’s of necessity that you discuss it with your doctor about the best form of birth control method that you can engage in. It is also essential that the doctor carrier out a conclusive medical history and monitor your blood pressure more often. This should be done prior to making a decision on the birth control method that best suits your body system. In addition, females no matter their age with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular problems (or who have uncontrolled high blood pressure), should never adopt birth controls containing the hormone, estrogen.