Effects Of Climate Change On Agriculture

source: babbangona
2

For sustainable agriculture to meet the rising demand for food in Nigeria, we must observe climate change in agriculture and its effect around us. Looking into these climate changes will help understand them more quickly, especially regarding how they affect farming, agricultural productivity and livelihood. Climate change consists of extensive weather patterns and global warming caused by artificial emissions of greenhouse gases. Since there have been periods of climatic shifts in the past, humans witnessed an unforeseen impact on the earth’s climate system in the mid 20th century, resulting in a modification on a global scale. As a result of the unexpected developments, agronomists and weather experts concluded that extensive study and research on climate changes in agriculture would solve common agricultural challenges such as; food insecurity, soil degradation, and other possible issues in the future. A major factor responsible for subsequent climate changeability and global warming is the emission of greenhouse gases. WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE? It is a shift in the weather pattern that results in related changes that occur on land surfaces, ice sheets, and the oceans over a period. Because the weather is the state of the atmosphere, its wind, temperature, humidity, rainfall, etc. — are all influenced by oceans, land surfaces, and ice sheets. They come together to form what we call The Climate System. Alternatively, climate change in agriculture is the modification in the probabilistic properties of the climate system regarding agricultural output. Such changes could span over long periods, like a decade or several decades. Natural and artificial processes influence climate change, including volcanoes, sun radiation, human influences, the shift in land and atmospheric composition, and the climate system’s internal variability. New weather-predicting technologies can help to curb unprecedented climate change in agriculture. The weather can be forecasted up to about a week in advance with the appropriate tech. Through weather forecasting technologies, farmers can predict momentary fluctuations in climate in-between planting seasons. HOW CLIMATE CHANGE AFFECTS AGRICULTURE Climate change affects agriculture in various ways through changes in temperature which may lead to increased risk of food insecurity, irregular rainfalls or droughts affecting the quantity and quality of crops produced, use of pesticides and more. Here are some of major ways climate change is affecting agriculture:

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