Polycystic Ovaries: What Are The Symptoms?

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Polycystic ovaries are one of the most common hormonal disorders characterized by excess androgens in women. Ovaries typically produce one egg during one menstrual cycle. In women with polycystic ovary syndrome/disorder (PCOS/ PCOD), the ovaries develop small aggregates of fluid filled sacs on their surface that fail to produce even one egg in a menstrual cycle. PCOS causes are primarily attributed to the increase in androgen levels. Androgen is a male hormone present in both men and women. In women, the androgens produced are timely converted into estrogen. However, in women with polycystic ovary conditions, the androgens do not get converted and thus an increase of androgen levels are observed. The other causes are genetic inheritance, insulin resistance, high blood pressure and inflammation that induce the production of androgens in the body. The main signs of PCOS include irregular periods/ ovulation. The endometrial lining thickens more than usual due to irregular PCOS ovulation and so, heavy menstrual flow is seen in women with polycystic ovaries. Frequent headaches, mood swings, disturbed sleep, unwanted hair growth (hirsutism), acne, obesity, scalp hair thinning are also observed because of elevated androgen levels in PCOS. When a woman observes the above indications, consulting the best gynecologist is necessary to manage the symptoms of PCOS. The doctor will initially diagnose with blood analysis to check the levels of hormones and also conduct an ultrasound to review the status of the ovaries and uterus.

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