The Ministry of Education is responsible for K-12 education in Egypt. The Ministry of Higher Educational and Scientific Research is responsible for tertiary education policy. Both ministries work closely to ensure the same principles are applied throughout the system. In 2017, the Ministry of Eduation will focus on implementing a new major reform programme, called Education 2.0. This programme aims to radically reform K-12 schooling in Egypt and align it with the country's vision 2030. The current government of Egypt has been working to reduce its fiscal deficit. As a result, it has been looking to private companies to increase their investments in public institutions. As a result, private money has been going into tertiary education in Egypt. In August 2018, the government issued Law No. 62 of 2018 which allows foreign universities to open international branch campuses in Egypt, and removed the requirement that the institutions have a treaty with their home country. Since decentralization has become an important issue in Egypt, a multidisciplinary curriculum has been adopted. This helps students connect the various subjects and avoid repetition. However, the lack of adequate salaries for teachers has led to a corrupt practice of withholding information from students. Often, corrupt teachers charge for private tutoring sessions, so students must pay to get the full lesson. The new system will pay teachers more and provide better resources. The new approach will make education in Egypt more affordable and more accessible for students. The dropout rate in Egypt is low compared to other countries. UNESCO reports that there are only 77,500 children out of school in the 2017 academic year. There are more than 221,000 adolescents out of school. As a result, the Egyptian education system has struggled to keep up with population growth. The focus on memorization has not prepared students for the competitive world that they will face. Therefore, decentralization is necessary in order to increase access to education. The Egyptian educational system is a product of many factors. The government has changed its ideology frequently, affecting the reach of governmental education funding. The country's growth has also impacted the reach of government education. This has resulted in the creation of an independent, privately funded education system. In addition to the state-run educational system, there is also a private tutoring industry. During the past few years, the government has been trying to improve the quality of Egypt's public schools. The decentralization process is an attempt to bring the system closer to the people. It is also a way to make education more affordable. Several authors have studied the education system in Egypt. Those involved in the field of education are working hard to ensure that children in the country are given the chance to get a good education. Although this process will take time, the overall goal is to create an effective education system in the country. It is also important to provide the right infrastructure. The inspectorate system is not effective and does not provide solid technical support to school staff. Furthermore, the Thanaweyya Amma examination system does not measure higher-order thinking skills but focuses on rote memorization. In addition to this, most schools lack water and sanitation facilities. In addition, more than half of Egyptian students do not meet international benchmarks. For grade 4 students, this means that the government must focus more on improving the quality of education in the country. The education system in Egypt is in need of reform. While the country does not have a fully functional public school system, private schooling is a great alternative for parents with limited resources. This kind of education system offers a superior level of education to students, despite being more expensive than government-run schools. Further, it does not require any formal assessment, which is a key factor for success in the Egyptian labor market. It is vital that the inspectorate system be improved. The inspectorate system does not provide students with solid technical support. There are no effective mechanisms in place to detect failing schools. Additionally, the Thanaweyya Amma examinations do not measure higher-order thinking skills, but focus on rote memorization. Private tutoring can help boost a student's scores, but the process of selection is highly competitive, which restricts students' options. It also limits their choices and degree possibilities.